Sleeping Disorders: Insomnia And Narcolepsy

872 Words 4 Pages
Introduction Many people struggle to get the perfect amount of sleep needed in order to function properly. Consciousness determines whether or not we are aware of our surroundings in our environment. In addition to having a sense of vision and hearing, our consciousness can also determine how healthy someone’s sleeping habits exist.
How Many Hours of Sleep Do Adults Need
Sleeping is essential to a person’s schedule. Without sleep some people can hardly function properly on a day to day basis due to lack of sleep. The recommended hours of sleep for an adult is seven to nine hours, but during the work week the average of sleep is about six hours or less (National Sleep Foundation, 2013). When we sleep the body is able to rejuvenate, destress,
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Insomnia is when a person has trouble falling asleep. Insomnia has many factors such as technology, stress, preoccupied, napping throughout the day, etc. Having a poor sleeping environment can also cause someone to have difficulty falling asleep. Room temperature, noises, light, or a hard or too soft of a bed can all effect Insomnia. Narcolepsy is a chronic disorder that can be inherited and is caused when a person falls asleep unexpectedly or suddenly. “Narco” means numbness and “lepsy” stands for seizure (Matzen, 2016). Someone with Narcolepsy can be having a conversation, playing a sport, or sitting in class and suddenly fall asleep. Narcolepsy can be very dangerous if an affected person is driving or working with tools and has a sleep attack. Sleep attacks can often last as long as fifteen to thirty minutes depending on the person. The average sleep attack last as long as two minutes (Matzen, 2016). “Narcolepsy effects as many as 100,000 people in the United States and seems to run in families” (Rathus, 2016). Sleep paralysis is a dangerous symptom of Narcolepsy because it is accompanied by the collapse of different muscle groups. Sleep paralysis controls voluntary muscles during an attack, which does not allow the person affected to move any muscle but allows the person to be aware of their surroundings because the muscles around their eyes are not affected (Terzaghi, Ratti, Manni, & Manni, …show more content…
Cataplexy occurs when a narcoleptic has strong emotions or breaks out in laughter causing the person to have muscle weakness and collapses while still in consciousness (Hypersomnia Foundation, 2015). Insomnia and Narcolepsy- Cataplexy can all be treated by certain stimulants and antidepressant drugs (Rathus, 2012). Treatments for sleep orders are normally fixed by modern medicine and making lifestyle adjustments such as a strict sleep schedule.

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