This assignment is written about Sigmund Freud's psychosexual theory of development and Erik Erikson's psychosocial theory of development. They both believed that personality develops in a series of predetermined stages but their theories have different explanations.
Outline of Freud's psychosexual theory of development
According to Freud the sexual life begins with the birth and the sexual life comprises the function of obtaining pleasure from areas of the body. In his theory of personality development, five phases of psychosexual development was included. The first stage of psychosexual development is between 0-2years. During this period the infants achieves satisfaction through oral activities. The child would develop a sexual …show more content…
Each of the stage involves a crisis of two opposing emotional forces. Erikson pointed out that the transition between stages were overlapping. When a person passes unsuccessfully through a psychosocial crisis stage they develop a leaning towards the syntonic or the dystonic forces which then becomes a behavioural tendency, or even a mental problem.
The first stage is infant (0-18 months) that is basic trust versus mistrust. In this stage the child will develop optimism, trust, confidence and security if he or she is taken care of properly but a child does not experience trust the child may develop insecurity, worthlessness and mistrust to the …show more content…
In this stage the older adults can look back with a feeling of integrity where the failures may have a sense of despair.
The common critiques of Freud's theory & Erikson’s theory
Freud based his theory on sex while Erikson based his theory on identity of an individual. Freud believed that an individual’s identity developed during adolescence but Erikson believed that an individual’s identity developed and evolved throughout a person’s life. Freud’s believed that maturation had an important role in the development of personality but Erikson believed that cultural demands on a child is important to develop a personality. In the stage of Freud’s Phallic stage the libido’s energy emphases on the genitals, and they begin to identify with their same-sex parent but to Erikson it is a period of initiative verses guilt where a child begins to take more control over their environment. During Freud’s latent period he states that the libido energy is suppressed and children focus more on school, hobbies, and friends. Erikson’s industry verses inferiority stage states that a child develops a sense of competence. In the adolescence stage, Freud’s genital stage states that it is a period when children look for romantic relationships but Erikson’s identity verses role stage says that it is a period when a child develops a personal