Essay on Should Abortion Be Legal? Abortions?

1095 Words Dec 8th, 2016 5 Pages
“Abortion has been traditionally defined as the explosion or removal of a nonviable fetus” (Baillie, McGeehan, R. Garrett & T. Garrett, 200). A total of 664,435 abortions has been reported to the CDC for the year 2013. This is an abortion ratio of 200 abortions per 1,000 live births. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report). There are different views on if it is moral or ethical to abort a fetus while it is still in the mother’s womb. There is the pro-life view, which is against abortion and believes that life begins at conception. There is also the pro-choice view, which advocates legalizing abortion and feels that woman should have the right to choose. Nowadays, abortions are more accessible to individuals. However, is it ethical to do so? The ethicality of abortions can be distinguished by the use of the principle of double effect in natural law, the principle of nonmaleficence, and the principle of autonomy.
The principle of double effect in natural law allows a person to perform an action or risk the evil effects if four conditions are verified. One of the conditions is that the action must be good or morally detached in itself. The second condition is that the agent must intend only the good effect and not the evil one. The third condition is that the evil can not be a way to the good effect. The last condition is that there must be proportionality between the evil and good effects.
Abortions can be classified as being indirect or direct. An indirect abortion is when…

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