Essay on Secondary Schools And Secondary Education

710 Words Apr 15th, 2015 3 Pages
Secondary education systems all around the world typically maintain a distinction between academic and vocational tracks or programs. Yet, the question of whether to vocationalize the secondary school is still recurrent in many educational systems, especially in developing countries (Holsinger & Cowell, 2000; Lauglo & Maclean, 2006; Psacharopoulos, 1987). On the one hand, different studies show that vocational secondary education provides students with better chances to compete in the labour market (Gallart, 2001; Meer, 2007; Shavit & Muller, 2000). On the other hand, tracking students into general or vocational secondary education has been deemed to be a source of inequality in the distribution of education opportunities. Students in vocational tracks typically come from low-income families (Brunello & Checci, 2007). At the same time, these tracks present low quality, low status, and prevent students from attending good tertiary education (Holm, Meier, Bernt-Karlson, & Reimer, 2013; Polesel, 2008).
Changes in the perspective of international organizations (IOs) towards secondary education further illustrate this debate. Moreover, as this paper will explain, this process of change is consistent with the propositions of the literature on organizational learning (Haas, 2000; Haas & Haas, 1995; Siebenhüner, 2008; Siebenhüner & Arnold, 2007). In the 1980s, different prominent IOs such as UNESCO, the World Bank (WB), the Inter-American Development Bank (IADB), shifted from a…

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