Rohingya Conflict

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The Rohingya are a Muslim ethnic minority group that has lived in Myanmar for centuries. Today, more than a million of Rohingya people are living in Myanmar, mostly in the western coastal state of Rakhine. They use their own language, and they have their own culture. However, Rohingya people claim that they have a long historical connection to Rakhine State. There are many conflicts and clashes between the Rohingya and the government, as well as some other ethnic groups in Rakhine.
When Myanmar gained independence in 1948, the Rohingya were able to apply for identity cards, which offered some rights, and some even served in Parliament. But after a military coup in 1962, the Rohingya lost their status and were considered foreigners which has
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Many Muslims feel that this exacerbated the anti-Muslim feelings that had been provoked by the destruction of the Buddhas of Bamiyan Afghanistan which is a monumental statue of standing carved Buddha. O n 15 May, anti-Muslim riots broke out in Taungoo which resulted deaths of about 200 Muslims and destruction of 11 mosques. Buddhist monks demanded that the ancient Han Tha Mosque in Taungoo be destroyed in retaliation for the destruction in Bamiyan. On 18 May, the Han Tha mosque and Taungoo Railway station mosque were razed to the ground, so Muslims had to worship at their home. After the violence, many local Muslims moved away from Taungoo to nearby towns.

2012 Rakhine State Riots The tensions between Buddhist and Muslims grew. In 2012, there were a series of conflicts between Rakhine Buddhist and Rohingya Muslims in northern Rakhine State. On 8 June 2012, the Rohingya started to burn Rakhine’s Buddhist and other ethnic houses. More than a dozen residents were killed in this riot by Rohingya Muslims. State of emergency was declared in Rakhine, allowing military to participate in administration of the region. In August 2012, there had been 88 casualties officially, and about 90,000 people were displaced by the violence.

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Rohingya refugees have been coming to Bangladesh since the 1970s. In the 1900s, more than 250,000 refugees resided in refugee camps in Bangladesh. However, the condition of refugee camp is really horrible. The sanitation is very poor, and they are not able to get enough nutrition or any access to education. On October 2017, the UN reported that an estimated 603,000 Rohingya refugees has crossed border from Myanmar to Bangladesh. Most of the refugees live in the area where near the border between Bangladesh and Myanmar. The majority of the refugees are unregistered; only 32 thousand refugees have been registered. Bangladesh does not welcome Rohingya refugees because the number of refugees is increasing every year which is becoming economic burden for Bangladesh. . In 2015, the government of Bangladesh proposed a relocation plan for Rohingya refugees to the remote island of Thengar Char; however the plan was pushed due to criticism by human rights activists and the

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