Research Paper on Tobacco

1194 Words Nov 28th, 2005 5 Pages
Tobacco

Nicotine use is a leading preventable cause of death in the world, directly and indirectly responsible for 440,000 deaths per year. The health problems that result in tobacco use tally an annual of $75 billion in direct medical costs (Slovic 36). That money spent on medical problems for smokers should be used to pay for more important things in our society such as schools, libraries, childcare, etc.
Because it takes approximately eight seconds for nicotine to reach the brain and each cigarette contains over 4,000 chemicals, tobacco is one of the most addictive drugs in the United States. ("TIPS" 8). Dependency is defined as reliance for a substance that you can't live without. Smokers have a physical and physiological reliance
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Young children are especially endangered by secondhand smoke because their lungs are still developing and can be damaged easily. Smoking during pregnancy accounts for an estimated 20 to 30 percent of low-birth weight babies, up to 14 percent of preterm deliveries, and some 10 percent of all infant deaths. In 2001 12 percent of women who gave birth smoked during pregnancy. Secondhand smoke increases risk for sudden infant death syndrome, asthma, bronchitis, and pneumonia in young children (Eysenck 73).
A one-pack-a-day smoker deposits a total of one quart of tar into his or her lungs every year. An injection of one drop (70 mg) will kill an average-sized man within a few minutes. Most cigarettes contain somewhere between .2mg and 2.2 mg of nicotine. In 2001 an estimated 44.8 million adults were former smokers. Around 32 million out of 46.2 million smokers reported they wanted to quit smoking ("Secondhand Smoke" 4).
Eighty percent of adult smokers started smoking and became addicted before the age of 18. The tobacco industry targets youth, women, and ethnic communities in their advertising to replace the 3,000 smokers that quit or die every day (Slovic 42). They spend approximately $3.9 billion a year advertising and promoting cigarettes. Young people are easy targets for advertising because they don't yet understand the long-term health risks. 4.5 million

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