Research Paper of Gender and Identification

2721 Words Apr 17th, 2013 11 Pages
How Gender Socialization Shapes Gender and Sexuality, the Consequences
LGBT Adolescents Face in Schools and Mitigation Solutions
Joseph Gulino
Monmouth University
SO/SW-332-01

Gender socialization begins at birth and is the process of learning cultural roles according to one’s biological sex (Unicef, 2009). Boys and girls are treated differently by members of their environment and learn gender expectations (Unicef, 2009). The socialization begins with a child’s parents when boys are taught to be assertive and strong, girls are taught to be accommodating and lady-like (Unicef, 2009). Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender individuals receive unequal treatment from families and their peers. Many actions must be implemented in
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The new vision of Webster’s vision on gender socialization encompasses gender differences being dependent on cultural values of social norms of males and females(Webster, 2009). This means anyone, male or female can be subordinate to one another when someone is of higher status; the leader stands competitive, dominant and has more ability than the follower(Webster, 2009). The instrumental role subjects the parent to high importance, social esteem and perceived value(Webster, 2009). Reversely, the expressive nurturing identity is less favorable to an individual(Webster, 2009). One role is subordinate to another; subordination and super-ordination roles are childhood-learned personality traits(Webster, 2009). The old functional view, children learn only one role based on their biological sex from their parents; in the new view, children learn many different attitudes and behaviors and understand which role is appropriate to socially display(Webster, 2009).
Socialization involves learning both superordinate and subordinate behaviors and incorporates the wisdom of social cues to structure social hierarchies(Webster, 2009). Assertive behavior and decreased emotional display are expected when someone is in a leadership position; passive behavior and greater emotional display are expected from the expressive individual(Webster, 2009). It depends on the social circumstance whether an individual will display instrumental or

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