Debate Over Abortion Essay

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What is the debate over abortion in the US? Abortion has been a topic for decades whether or not it is a solution or a problem. Abortion has been a well known process since the 1800s, yet as time progressed, the process of abortion gained much more attention and topic to discuss. Two sides of abortion have been presented where there are pros and cons to this process.
There are two types of abortion: medical abortion and surgical abortion. Medical abortion requires two pills. One of the pills is mifepristone, which causes the embryo to detach from the uterine wall. Two days later after the consumption of mifepristone, a pill called misoprostol contracts the uterus to remove the embryo from the body. Surgical abortion only takes 15 minutes for
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People also believe that these babies feel pain as they are being aborted; however most neuroscientists believe that cortex is necessary for pain perception according to a 2010 review by Britain 's Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. It is revealed that the cortex does not form until the 26th week of the fetus, which is much later than when the procedure takes place. If this were to be true, it means that that abortion does not inflict pain to the fetus. Yet, there is another side to this argument as there have been anatomical studies that show that the body’s pain network is the spino-thalamic pathway, which is formed by 20 weeks gestation. Dr. Paul Ranalli, a neurologist from the University of Toronto, states, “At 20 weeks the fetal brain has the full complement of brain cells present in adulthood, ready and waiting to receive pain signals from the body, their electrical activity can be recorded by standard electroencephalography (EEG)”. Electroencephalography is the measurement of electrical activity in different parts of the brain and the recording of such activity as a visual trace. He also states that unborn babies at 20 weeks actually feel pain MORE intensely than

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