Essay on Problems Associated With Ill Defined Domains

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1. How have ill-defined problems and ill-defined domains been described in other research? (answers to this question appear under the major subheadings on pages 255-258). - Reitman (1964, 1965) stated that an ill-defined problems is one where one of the problem components is missing or left unspecified, also called open-textured. Open-textured - application (to act on it) is not automatic but requires judgement and is context dependent). O.T are common in ill-defined domains (ex. law and music; it’s all “open-ended”). - Voss (2006; Voss et al., 1983) - focused on human problem solvers (the expert and the novice) - listed characteristics of ill-defined problems, including - having vaguely stated goals - no unambiguous right/wrong answers (it’s the realm b/w right and wrong, and can go either way depending on which side you’re on) - unstated or assumed problem constraints (i.e. the composer and the piano); and - require a a lot of information that may be hard to get access to. - Shin, Jonassen, & McGee - focused on the cognitive and metacognitive (thinking about thinking) skills needed to solve ill-defined problems and on the process of problem solving. Characteristics of ill-defined problem are very much like Voss’ (the first 4); the wording may be different but is essentially the same. The ones not that may be different includes - the requirement that learners to make and defend judgement about the problem. - Jonassen - ill-defined problems provide no…

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