Pro And Negative Effects Of Globalization

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Globalization is the exchange of people, ideas, and goods throughout the world. While there are many reasons why globalization has been a benefit to humans, there are also myriad reasons why it has been a tragedy. Globalization and the need to expand have led to wars, genocide, enslavement, exploitation, and erasure of cultures. A few good things have come from globalization, such as the advancements in science and technology, but the cost of these advancements was millions of lives lost or torn apart. The spread of European culture was seen as a great achievement to those who were in favor of imperialism. “It is scarcely possible to calculate the benefits which we might derive from the diffusion of European civilization among the vast …show more content…
On the conditions of the slave ships, Olaudah Equiano said, “The shrieks of women, and the groans of the dying, rendered the whole a scene of horror almost inconceivable” (Sources, 270). Many slaves died on the passage to America, and others tried to escape by jumping overboard, but were retrieved and severely punished. Instead of living their own lives with their families in their homelands, the African slaves were harvesting sugar or tobacco, picking cotton, or some other form of back-breaking labor for the benefit of the Europeans. The native peoples, who had already in place their own system of government, were tricked out of their own lands by the Europeans. “A document was written and presented to me for my signature. I asked what it contained, and was told that in it were my words and the words of those men. I put my hand to it. About three months afterwards I heard from other sources that I had given by the document the right to all the minerals of my country” (Lobengula, Natives packet). They were massacred and their villages were burned. The European influence brought disruption and chaos into the lives of the natives. “[Other tribes] were tormenting me and my people by stealing and killing; they said openly the Major gave them orders to do so… [War] was commenced by the Boers [Europeans] in massacring my people…” …show more content…
Tensions in Europe were heightened because of competition for global markets, which led to distrust among nations and secret alliances between countries. With multiple alliances and colonies at stake, when one country was threatened by another, all of Europe was pulled into war. In 1914, the world saw war like it had never seen it before, on a completely global scale. The interconnectedness of Europe’s people and economies is what pulled them all into a devastating and pointless war.
World War I broke empires, inspired revolutions, and changed national borders on a world scale. It also had immense human costs…The raw numbers are astonishing: estimates vary but total deaths on the battlefield numbered about 8 million soldiers…Between 7 and 10 million civilians died because of the war and war-related hardships, and another 20 million people died in the worldwide influenza epidemic that followed the war in 1918” (McKay,

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