Pre Teaching : Teaching For Students With Learning Disabilities
Another common general practice that teachers can use to help students with learning disabilities is called pre-teaching. Munk, Gibb, and Caldarella (2010) define pre-teaching as “the advance introduction of information that prepares students for upcoming instruction” (as cited in Berg and Wehby, p. 15). The introduction of difficult concepts and vocabulary can have a significant impact on a student’s progress understanding of new course material. Pre-teaching does not simply have to address vocabulary or concepts for an upcoming lecture. Instead, pre-teaching can be used to review previous concepts learned from a previous section. “Activation of prior knowledge must be purposeful to be effective. A discussion of prior knowledge should be guided toward concepts the teacher has deemed key for understanding the upcoming lesson.” (Berg and Wehby, p. 15) This would probably best be done in a subject matter Algebra or Trigonometry where old concepts are used in conjunction with new concepts. Even simple reminders of concepts should and how they work within a new concept should be considered as being helpful. However, pre-teaching might best be done alongside the implementation of another general strategy of cue cards.
It has been shown that students with learning disabilities have shown improvement with when given the cue cards to help them. “When provided as an accommodation , cue cards help students with LD focus on implementing the critical steps of…