Essay on Post Traumatic Stress Disorder ( Ptsd )
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
It is estimated that of the 1.64 million soldiers deployed to Afghanistan and Iraq as of October 2007, approximately 300,000 of these individuals currently suffer from Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) or major depression. With one-third of soldiers/marines screening positive for PTSD the nation has begun to realize the need for interventions and resources for this population (Tanielian & Jaycox, 2008, p. 434-435). According to the Diagnostic & Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, PTSD can be characterized by three main symptoms: re-experiencing the trauma (flashbacks, nightmares), Anhedonia (anxiety, depression), and hypervigilance that lasts more than a few weeks (Anxiety and Depression Association of America [ADAA], 2010).
Higher rates of PTSD have been found among army soldiers, and marines with increased exposure to combat trauma. Diagnosing and treating this disorder is very difficult because many do not seek medical treatment. According to Tanielian & Jaycox (2008), only 53 percent of individuals diagnosed with PTSD have sought help in the last year (p. 434-435). Even more upsetting is that of the few that sought medical care; just over half received inadequate care. One of the barriers to treatment included fear of lack of confidentiality, which could in turn affect…