Essay on Positive Reinforcement

1629 Words Apr 2nd, 2012 7 Pages
The concept of positive reinforcement is the most powerful and practical tool ever devised in the history of applied psychology. Positive reinforcement is defined precisely in keeping with how it works. Its definition is actually as straight forward and simple as it is counterintuitive (Cappa & Kahn, 2011). Positive reinforcement in my opinion can't fail to profile and maintain positive behavior and to replace negative or problem behavior. If parents don't harness this simple but powerful technique, it's very likely that a negative peer culture or some other influential source will.
Positive Reinforcement works because it gives children positive goals to work towards instead of only focusing on negative consequences to avoid.
…show more content…
It is important not to compare children and to praise them for their strengths rather than point out their flaws. In my situation my oldest son struggles and has dyslexia therefore he struggles in school, yet I see the effort he puts forth and it should be rewarded all the same. So my positive enforcement is money, an A gets you $5, a B gets you $3, and a C gets you $2. With this in place it gives them a reason to want to do well in school.
Negative reinforcement is a term described by B. F. Skinner in his theory of operant conditioning. In negative reinforcement, a response or behavior is strengthened by stopping, removing or avoiding a negative outcome or aversive stimulus (Luman, Van Meel, Oosterlaan, & Geurts, 2012). One of the best ways to remember negative reinforcement is to think of it as something being deducted from the situation. When you look at it in this way, it may be easier to identify examples of negative reinforcement in the real-world.
An example that I have used on my children would be, they should clean their rooms before going out to play on Saturday. However, they did not clean their rooms. The consequence for them not cleaning their rooms would be more chores. Like helping their dad mow the grass or cleaning the base boards. Negative reinforcement can be an effective way to strengthen a desired behavior. However, it is most effective when rein forcers are presented immediately following a behavior. When a

Related Documents