Essay on Positive Reinforcement
Positive Reinforcement works because it gives children positive goals to work towards instead of only focusing on negative consequences to avoid. …show more content…
Negative reinforcement is a term described by B. F. Skinner in his theory of operant conditioning. In negative reinforcement, a response or behavior is strengthened by stopping, removing or avoiding a negative outcome or aversive stimulus (Luman, Van Meel, Oosterlaan, & Geurts, 2012). One of the best ways to remember negative reinforcement is to think of it as something being deducted from the situation. When you look at it in this way, it may be easier to identify examples of negative reinforcement in the real-world.
An example that I have used on my children would be, they should clean their rooms before going out to play on Saturday. However, they did not clean their rooms. The consequence for them not cleaning their rooms would be more chores. Like helping their dad mow the grass or cleaning the base boards. Negative reinforcement can be an effective way to strengthen a desired behavior. However, it is most effective when rein forcers are presented immediately following a behavior. When a