Jonas Salk's Polio Epidemic

Improved Essays
“In 1952, polio reached its peak when over 58,000 cases were reported, including 3,145 deaths.” (About Jonas Salk) Polio is among the top ten epidemics in the United States history and the widespread panic created by it could have continued longer without the polio vaccine’s inventor, Jonas Salk. Although Jonas Salk’s intentions and methods were called into question by many, his Poliomyelitis vaccine ended the polio epidemic of the early-mid 20th century.
Background
On October 28, 1914, Jonas Salk was born in New York City, New York, to Daniel and Dora Salk. While growing up, he was an exceptional student and excelled in school. He attended Townsend Harris High School for gifted students and graduated at the age of 15. That following fall he went to the College of the City of New York intending to go into business. One day he signed up for a science class and enjoyed it so much that he changed his degree. At the age of 19 he earned his Bachelors of Science degree, in 1934. With the excellences he demonstrated in
…show more content…
However, this wasn’t the worst attack. On August 3, 200 children were admitted to the hospital with the same symptoms that onset the polio disease. Overall, 9,023 cases were reported and 2,448 people died, many of which were children (Berger). At the time only 20 out of the 48 states had to report cases of polio to the government. Of those 20 states that did report evidence of polio they totaled 27,000 paralyzed people and 7,179 deaths, although it is estimated to be much higher (Hargrove). Polio was not a discriminant disease; It was contracted by the rich, poor, Caucasian, African American, and Hispanic races. For example, some famous people stricken by it were Judy Holliday, an actress, and our very own president Franklin D. Roosevelt. Millions of adults and children contracted this disease, and many more American’s feared the havoc it was bringing

Related Documents

  • Great Essays

    Measles Virus Essay

    • 1515 Words
    • 7 Pages

    In 1912, the virus became a bigger problem in the U.S.. There were around 6,000 deaths each year, 48,000 people alone were hospitalized, and another 4,000 people contracted encephalitis in result of having the measles virus (Iannelli). Encephalitis is inflammation of the brain, which is very deadly. Almost all children had been diagnosed with the measles virus before the age of 15 years old. Finally, in 1963, John Enders created the first measles virus vaccine.…

    • 1515 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Cocaine Essay

    • 1405 Words
    • 6 Pages

    Withdrawal in regular abusers can occur as early as a few hours after the last administration of heroin (2013). Withdrawal is a big reason people continue to use until they overdose and eventually die from it. The most obvious factor is the overwhelming loss of life it causes throughout the years and how that number is growing quickly every year. In the year 2014 alone there were 10,574 overdoses related deaths, because of heroin says a statement about Opioid facts and figures (2016). There were 325 deaths in New Hampshire alone last year (2015).…

    • 1405 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Superior Essays

    While the pro-vaccinators say that vaccinations lowered the rates of infectious diseases, other data displays that the mortality from nearly all infectious diseases was vastly declining way before vaccines. The diphtheria mortality had fallen 60 percent before the vaccination was made. Fatalities from the whooping cough and measles dropped 98 percent in the U.S before the vaccinations were introduced. In 1960 only 0.24 deaths were occurring per 100,000 people because of measles. That was three years prior to the measles…

    • 1927 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Measles Case Study

    • 1246 Words
    • 5 Pages

    In 2014, California also had the highest amount of whooping cough cases in sixty years. Nationally, 2014 had thirty percent more cases of whooping cough than 2013 (Dickson). Both measles and whooping cough are preventable by vaccines. Vaccinations have saved 132,000 lives in the past twenty years, and yet one in five…

    • 1246 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Durkheim's Suicide Theory

    • 1136 Words
    • 5 Pages

    More and more war veterans decide to take their own life after returning from the war or after retirement. Studies have been conducted to find out the reasons of such high rates of veterans’ suicide and trying to find a way to prevent it. Although only 4.5 percent of men ages 18-34 are veterans, veterans account for 10.8 percent of suicides in that age group, according to statistics from the Department of Veterans Affairs. The numbers are based on death data collected by the VA from 21 states. A similar pattern exists for the men ages 35-54, 21.7 percent of that group’s suicides are by veterans, who make up only 13.9 percent of the group.…

    • 1136 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    According to the infographic, receiving the measles vaccination alone decreased fatalities. In 1980, before the worldwide vaccination of babies, 2.6 million babies died. In 2000, 72% of babies were vaccinated, causing a drastic decrease in infant fatalities. In 2000, only 562,000 deaths were reported. And in 2012, 84% of babies were vaccinated, resulting in 122,000 deaths.…

    • 701 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    After all, those are all risk factors that place individuals at a high risk for developing heart disease. It was unfortunate that prior to the initiation of the initiative, "more than 2 million heart attacks and strokes occur each year, resulting in > 800 000 cardiovascular deaths." (Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes, 2012, p. 1). Prior to the initiation of the initiative, statistics indicated 31% of American adults had hypertension and out of the 70% of individuals that received medications to reduce blood pressure, only 46% of the individuals were controlled (Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes, 2012). The clinical significance of the Million Hearts Initiative on the community is outstanding.…

    • 1155 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Pros Of Vaccines

    • 1203 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Immunization coverage for pertussis has fell down 60 percent in just five years after 1974. The drop in vaccination resulted in an epidemic involving “more than 13,000 cases and 41 deaths” (“Vaccination Programs”). Even in these highly developed countries, outbreaks of disease were inevitable when people had stopped vaccinating themselves. Many diseases are highly contagious or very easily caught, such as measles. There is a 90 percent chance that a person left unvaccinated would catch the measles if it were apparent in their environment (“Vaccination Programs”).…

    • 1203 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    One consequence is that people have to seek medical care for their drug problem and there has been “an estimated 2.5 million visits to emergency departments in US hospitals associated with drug misuse or abuse” If that wasn’t bad enough “According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 40,393 people died of drug-induced causes in 2010, the latest year for which data are available. The number of drug-induced deaths has grown from 19,128 in 1999” Drug abuse is a huge problem facing this country and every 13 minutes someone in the US dies from a drug induced death . The amount of deaths happening in this nation is absurd. If more money were allocated towards treatment and education then these types of deaths would become far less common. Drugs don’t just affect the user they also affect the people around them.…

    • 1397 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    For any age group, smokers are likely to die twice the rate as to people who never smoked. You burn alive with your own fire. Researchers – studying over 220,000 adult Americans – found that cigarettes took an average of 10 years off the lives of smokers who never quit. Smoking is responsible for more cases of cancer each year than all other carcinogens (any substance that cause cancer) combined. Worldwide, 6 million people die every year from tobacco use and exposure to tobacco smoke (one death every six seconds).…

    • 957 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays