Similarities Between Piaget And Vygotsky

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To understand educational beliefs in today 's day it is also important for us to know about past theorists who contributed towards children 's education and lives. Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky have also contributed in their own innovated ways towards children 's lives. Piaget was a theorist who focussed on cognitive development and proposed a theory about how children 's cognition develops in stages. Vygotsky was also a theorist who researched the cultural context in children 's lives and also developed a sociocultural theory which focusses on how culture, values, beliefs, customs, and skills of a social group is transmitted to the next generation. Further in this essay, the exploration of their lives, ideas and interests about development …show more content…
These are the four elementary functions that infants have. Eventually, through interaction with the sociocultural environment, these elementary mental functions are developed into more sophisticated and effective mental processes or strategies which are called the higher mental functions. Vygotsky also believed that social contributions influenced the child 's process of development. According to Vygotsky, much important learning occurs through social interaction with a skilful tutor. The tutor models behaviours and instructions for the child. Vygotsky refers to this as a cooperative or collaborative dialogue. The child tries the understand the actions and instructions of the tutor then internalizes the information which then influences their own actions for what they have seen and heard from their tutor.
Both Piaget and Vygotsky proposed theories which, according to them was what happened in child development. However, both of these theories have strengths and weaknesses. The strengths of Piaget 's theory where the influence of his ideas on child development, this changed how people viewed the child 's imagination and their methods of studying children. Piaget 's theory had a huge impact on education as it encouraged children being educated according to how developmentally prepared they are. Vygotsky 's strength was that he based his theory to emphasize the
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Another weakness is, Piaget only observed his own children and his colleagues which gave him inaccurate results as the children were from European families of high socio-economic status and also was a few children to observe. The weakness in Vygotsky 's theory is that he neglected the biological side of growth of a child and instead concentrated on the social and cultural side. Another weakness was due to his early death at the age of 38 as his work was left

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