Authoritative Parenting Research

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Introduction
In psychology today, there are four major recognized parenting styles: authoritative, neglectful, permissive, and authoritarian. Each one carries different characteristics and brings about different reactions in the children which they are used on. Authoritative parenting is widely regarded as the most effective and beneficial parenting style for normal children. Neglectful parenting is one of the most harmful styles of parenting that can be used on a child. Permissive parenting, also known as indulgent parenting is another potentially harmful style of parenting. Authoritarian parenting, also called strict parenting, is characterized by parents who are demanding but not responsive. Baumrind, D. (1991) states that parenting styles
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According to Salimynezhad, S., Poor, N. Y., & Valizade, A. (2015), researchers believe that the parent-child relationship between the orientation of personality and parental rearing patterns include a wide range of educational development and their own values and behaviors Parents in the growth and development of children and the enormous influence children's behavior. Alberto A. (2010) states that there are three emotional constructs that have been extensively studied (though separately) in relation to those parenting practices and that can be considered some of the most important dimensions of emotional intelligence: children’s emotion knowledge, children’s emotion under- standing, and children’s emotion regulation. Moreover, emotional intelligence appears to be a not thoroughly discussed topic for the reason that it is said to be unreliable. In a statement made by Martins et. al., people with higher emotional intelligence is also healthier (Martins, Ramalho, & Morin, 2010). Also, according to Harms et. al., findings are mixed about whether emotional intelligence predicts life success—for instance, job performance (Harms & Credé, …show more content…
In addition, this theory reviews the way in which parenting styles can predict the children’s emotional intelligence in similar or different ways that they predict other developmental outcome. Goleman: A mixed model of emotional intelligence outlines four main emotional intelligence constructs, namely: self-awareness, self-management, social awareness and relationship management. Each construct of emotional intelligence has a set of emotional competencies whereas said that this are not innate talents, but a learned capabilities that must be worked and developed to achieve outstanding performance (Goleman, D., 2001). Bar-On: A Mixed Model of Emotional Intelligence relates to the potential for performance and success, rather than performance or success itself, and it is considered as process-oriented rather than outcome-oriented. This focuses on an array or emotional and social capabilities; posits that emotional intelligence develops over time and it ca be improved through training, programming, and therapy (Bar-On, R., 2002). Moreover, the Bar-On outlines 5 components of emotional intelligence: intrapersonal, interpersonal, adaptability, stress management, and general

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