Anti Discriminatory In The Workplace

1862 Words 7 Pages
Organizations seek to have successful establishments, in order to accomplish that; the organization needs the best talent in employees. Organizations use a variety of methods to select employees. The methods used to select employees may be specific to the job of interest or may be broad. The method of selecting employees is of importance to an organization because of the organization’s goal of being a successful establishment along with the organization also avoiding any illegal discrimination against a potential candidate. An organization has a process from which they gain new employees. Gaining new employees requires recruitment, selection, and a hiring procedure. Selection of employees requires the recruitment of applicants for the …show more content…
Laws have been implemented to avoid any type of discrimination in organizations. There are specific laws in what is considered discriminatory that vary depending on the country (Spector, 2012). There are specific groups of people that laws protect; examples of those subgroups include African Americans and women. One country paved the way for anti-discriminatory laws, that country was the United States (Spector, 2012). With the increasing awareness of a diverse population in the United States, organizations need to consider diversity in their recruitment and selection. Though countries have implemented anti-discriminatory laws, there wasn’t always protection for minorities and other groups of people. Selection of employees took on legal issues through landmark cases that paved the way for new methods in selection in the United States. One of the cases that challenged discrimination in the U.S. was the Civil Rights Act of 1964. The Civil Rights Act of 1964 made discrimination illegal (Spector, 2012). The Civil Rights Act protected minorities in the workplace and in other areas of society. Later landmark cases that strengthen anti-discriminatory laws were the Civil Rights Act of 1991, which sought to clarify the decisions made by the Supreme Court (Spector, 2012). Various groups of people were now protected because of the passing of various laws. The groups who are protected against discrimination are based on various personal characteristics such as race, religion, and gender. Studies have extensively analyzed different strategies that could be implemented by organizations to diminish group differences. Sixteen strategies/procedures were suggested to diminish group differences, which included procedures such as conducting a job analysis to understand the aspects of the job and to utilize cognitive and non-cognitive KSAOs (Ployhart & Holtz,

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