Occupied America Chapter Summary
In this paper, I will be summarizing the following chapters: Chapter 3: "A Legacy of Hate: The Conquest of Mexico’s Northwest”; Chapter 4: “Remember the Alamo: The Colonization of Texas”; and Chapter 5: “Freedom in a Cage: The Colonization of New Mexico. All three chapters are from the book, “Occupied America, A History of Chicanos” by Rodolfo F. Acuna. In chapter three, Acuna explains the causes of the war between Mexico and North America. In chapter four, Acuna explains the colonization of Texas and how Mexicans migrated from Mexico to Texas. In chapter five, Acuna explains the colonization of New Mexico and the economic changes that the people had to go through. In chapter three of “Occupied
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However, on February 2, 1848 the Mexicans ratified the Treaty of Guadeloupe Hidalgo, with Mexico accepting the Rio Grande as the Texas border and ceding the Southwest. The war became a Protestant Crusade. Texans made emotional pleas to avenge the Alamo. The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ended the war, and the United States grabbed over half of Mexico's soil. The war was costly to Mexico and to the people that were left behind. According to the treaty, Mexicans who elected to stay in the conquered territory would become U.S. citizens with all the rights of citizenship. However, the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, like those signed with the native people of North American, depended on the good faith of the United States and its ability to keep its word. In chapter four of “Occupied America, A History of Chicanos,” Acuna explains the colonization of Texas and how Mexicans migrated from Mexico to Texas. For Starters, before 1848, the valley of the Rio Grande supported many thousands of cattle. Commerce between the people on both sides of the river bound them together. As technological changes took place in the region’s economy, class divisions became more marked within the Mexican community; the upper class more often aligned themselves with the new elite. In many cases the rich Mexicans became brokers for the ruling elite and helped control the Mexican masses. Social relations between Mexicans and the dominant society became more rigid with the passage of time.