Observational Learning Case Study

1094 Words 4 Pages
Topic 1 – Observational Learning, Textbook p.168
When JW came into the workplace to learn about his new job, he was excited about the new educational learning that he would be receiving about the modernized electrical control systems in the factory. As JW started learning about controlling Ethernet drives and input / output control systems, he started struggling with the concept of the many different things that were going on inside one communications cable. His classic conditioning of the old electrical control wiring was not linking in with the new communication control. We took JW and started out with a simple control structure and asked JW how he would control it. The first thing JW wanted to do was to use his classic conditioning of using
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KD did not like to pick up behind himself after he got finished playing with his toys. This was a normal situation around his own house because someone would pick up the toys for him. Since KD was no longer a small child, the opportunity was sought after to make a positive reinforcement to change stimulus. After a short period of time had gone by and if the items were not picked up we would ask KD to take care of it. If he did we would give him praise. If not and KD wanted to do something else like watch a movie or go play with other kids, the answer would be no because he had not picked up behind himself. This took some time to register in his mind that the answer would remain he same until he picked up the items. Using a form of aversive conditioning to make the situation unpleasant helped change the classic conditioning of the habit that someone else would pick up behind him. Using the positive reinforcement taught him that he would feel good when he was …show more content…
Schedules of reinforcement are specific patterns that determine when a behavior will be reinforced. DG likes to play the video poker machines in the pool room. The machine would usually send back winnings periodically while DG was playing. On some occasions the machine would not pay back as often as it should with the variable ratio schedule. Since everyone around understood how the variable ratio worked, they would hang around hoping that DG would stop so that they could claim the winnings. DG knew this as well and instead of giving up and minimalizing his loss, he would continue to play and wait for the machine to pay back on the variable ratio schedule. Since a variable ratio schedule is not guaranteed to pay back at a fixed interval, DG would sometimes lose a good deal of money while waiting on fixed ratio schedule that could not be predicted. A fixed interval ratio is based upon the amount of time that has passed. A variable interval ratio of the machine was based on an algorithm that is nearly impossible to predict. The unpredictability of the machine rewards is what intrigued DG and other machine players to gamble on the machine and with the hope of beating the

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