Nt1310 Unit 5 Research Paper

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The following are the top 10 types of packets:
Internet Protocol version 4 (IPv4) is the standard version of the internet protocol, that acts as the platform for standard internet protocols and existing internet models (ISP). Extensive use of this protocol led to exhaustion of IP addresses. Therefore, we are bound to use IPv6, in the near future. A feature called as sub-netting is used for IP address allocation. It is defined in RFC 791.

Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6) is the latest version of the Internet Protocol (IP), which provides an identification and location system for computers on networks and routes traffic across the Internet. It is in the initial implementation stages, thus it is not extensively used worldwide. If it is implemented, then we can use many IP addresses in the IPv6 as it has 128 bits for reference, which is higher than the 32 bits of IPv4. Thus it will be future secure.
• UDP:
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It is specified in RFC 768. As it is connectionless, the packet safety is missing, i.e. there is no guarantee that the packet is delivered and there is no acknowledgement from the receiver. Thus it is un reliable, but in many cases this does not create an impact owing to its less size. It attaches checksum bits along with the packet to provide data integrity.
The Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) is basic block of data communication for the World Wide Web (WWW). The logical links between the nodes, containing text, is called hypertext. HTTP is the protocol to exchange or transfer hypertext. It defines how the web servers should act in response to various commands and how the messages have to be formatted and transmitted. HTTP is a stateless protocol because each command is executed individually independently

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