Internet Case Study

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Q1. What is the Internet?
The Internet is a vast physical network that channels data from servers to a multitude of smaller networks through mediums including satellite and cable (Hathaway, 2014, p. 307). Elam, Stepahanson, & Hanberger (2002) explain data is broken down into manageable packets then finally reassembled for enquirer. This process takes place through routers which switch the data to the required destination. Known as TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol), this process developed out of a necessity for a standardised method for different networks to communicate with each other (Rosenzwseig, 1998, p. 1536). Rosenzsweig (1998, p. 1539) claims the internet was primarily developed in the US, as the US military needed
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It is an autonomous space where anyone with access to a computer can almost instantly receive and send data in forms such as text, audio and visual (Johnson, 1995, p 109). It does this through a protocol called Hypertext Transfer Protocol, developed in the 1990s, by Tim Berners-Lee. HTTP is the basis of web communication where linked text ‘connects’ to huge networks of linked pages, allowing the user to click them to explore an seemingly endless array of other hyperlinks, (Landow, G, 1992, p. 3 - 4). The introduction of browsers and Hypertext Markup Language, allows users to view linked pages and design pages with a vast array of linkable content, such as graphics and audio/visual. Public awareness of the web since its inception in the early 1990s, and its simplicity, ensures its continuing massive growth (Bekkerman and Gilpin, 2013). A power struggle exists between commercial interests and governments, with organisations like W3C founded by Tim Berners-Lee, who see the web as a democratic free and open space for all (Jaffe, 2014, p …show more content…
The internet connects computers and devices through cables, satellites etc. to a global network of modems, switches and routers, while the web utilises internet, through software in the form of browsers, to disseminate the data sent through it. The internet sends pages in the form of data but without the web and HTTP the hyperlinked pages cannot be read (Johnson, 1995, p. 109). Johnson also maintains that although the World Wide Web is dependent on the internet for its existence, the internet supports many other protocols, for example File Transfer Protocol and Simple Mail Transfer Protocol and doesn’t require the web to exist. Svantesson (2006, p. 344) observes that both the internet and the web are “widely recognized

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