Nsl Final Exam Study Guide Essay

7445 Words Oct 26th, 2012 30 Pages

The United States Supreme Court receives many appeals, but it hears and rules on a small percentage of cases each year. Numerous factors influence the actions of the Court, both in deciding to hear a case and in the decisions it hands down. a. Define judicial review. Judicial review is a power held in the Supreme Court to declare legislation, laws, bills, acts, and executive orders unconstitutional. b. Explain how judicial review empowers the Supreme Court within the system of checks and balances. Judicial review gives the Supreme Court power over the legislative and executive branch because the Court can declare something that either branch wants to do unconstitutional. c. Describe
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Describe one consequence of this rule for the Republican nomination process. A winner-take-all can have multiple consequences on the candidates. One is that it can give a major advantage to the candidates who have high name recognition because the more they win, the more points they rack up. Another consequence is that this affects the way the candidates will spend their money and time because they want to win in as many states as possible. c. The Democratic Party has used super delegates in the presidential nominating process since 1984. Explain why the use of super delegates increases the influence of party leaders in the Democratic nomination process. Super delegates assure that the party leaders are part of the nomination process no matter which delegate they vote for. Also since super delegates are unpledged, they can vote for whoever they want as the nomination process unfolds. d. Explain why a candidate’s strategy to win the nomination is often different from the strategy developed to win the general election. In a primary election the candidate is much more focused on pleasing a smaller group of people (states) so they can focus more on specific issues. In the general election the candidate has to appeal to the whole United States, so they have to sometimes be hypocritical in their statements to try and please the citizens. Also media is much different in a general election than the primaries. The candidate in under strict

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