Normative Ethical Theory And Ethics Essay
NORMATIVE ETHICAL THEORY
Normative ethical theory considers the norms of individuals through a critical lens; and then looks to prescribes how one should act from this evaluation, with the assumption that there is only a single criterion of moral conduct that should be followed. This differs from traditional ethical theories as it does not aim to describe actions nor prescribe actions based on the principles of what is generally deemed right and wrong. The three, more widely recognised, strategies of Normative ethics are utilitarianism (a consequentialist theory); Kantianism (a deontology theory); and virtues theory.
CONFLICTS OF THE ETHICAL THEORIES
As defined by University of Tennessee Lecturer James Fieser “the field of ethics involve systematizing, defending, and recommending concepts of right and wrong behaviour”. However, while all ethical theories are created with the same intention of fulfilling this principle, they do not achieve this in harmony. This conflict between the theories ultimately is derived from what they declare to be the desired outcomes of an action; or alternatively, how they define what a morally permissible action is.
The most common conflict you will find between the normative ethical theories is that between utilitarianism and Kantianism. It is of great discussion, the scenario where an individual is presented with the decision to lie and save the life of someone in your care; or tell the truth and have them die. While utilitarianism…