Aristotle, John Stuart Mill, And Immanuel Kant
Aristotle asked the questions about the …show more content…
Utilitarianism states that good is what brings the most happiness to people. Mill also believes that people are not satisfied with just physical pleasures, but they strive to achieve pleasure of the mind as well. There are two main types of utilitarianism including act utilitarianism and rule utilitarianism. Act utilitarianism focuses on the consequences of specific actions of a human person in a particular situation and rule utilitarianism suggests that the principle of utility can be used to generate and test rules can be employed is similar situations. The assumption is that if we follow a set of rules that give us the best consequences our actions will result in the greater good for everyone around us.
Some strengths of utilitarianism include the importance of happiness, consideration of the greater good, and relevance of intention. Meanwhile, Some disadvantages of utilitarianism are that it is not the only thing of value and the end doesn't justify the means. Mill and Kant have opposite views points, Kant thinks people can decide what is moral through reason alone and Mill thinks that through experience people can determine what is good or evil based on pleasure and