Similarities And Differences Between Kant And Aristotle
Kant states that an action has moral worth if and only if it is done from duty and does not merely accord with duty. The concept of duty, to Kant, contains the concept of the goodwill because in the case of humans like us, action from duty is …show more content…
To live a life of politics, Aristotle argues that happiness can be earned by moral values. There are two types of virtue--intellectual and moral. Intellectual virtues are learned by instruction and moral virtues are learned by habit and constant practice. A virtue is a Golden mean-- a mean that lies between the two extremes. For example, courage is a virtue between cowardice and rashness. Unlike Kant, Aristotle believed that virtue could be measured; and to be virtuous according to Aristotle, a person had to contain goodwill for the greatest good and make choices based on that. When it comes to pleasure and pain, Aristotle states that having the right attitude towards these two feelings is an important habit in forming moral virtue. For example, a greedy eater might feel inappropriate pleasure when presented with food and inappropriate pain when deprived of food; a moderate person will experience pleasure from abstaining from such indulgence.
Although Kant and Aristotle have some contrasting views, there are some similarities. Both agree the morality is not based off the result of an action, but rather the individual 's judgment about that action. To understand the moral world both Kant and Aristotle believed that logic was the only way-- they argued that emotions alone were too risky and personal to be helpful in making moral claims. Also, both men agree that some actions are just evil and should never be taken. There are natural and moral evils-- hurricanes and toothaches are examples of natural evils, murder and lying are examples of moral