How Music Affects Brain

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Music is an integral and embedded attribute common to all human beings. Music perception is a God given gift that enables all human kind to communicate using it as a universal language that they relate to despite differences in language, ethnicity and race. Since the start of mankind music has entertained kings as well as the common man. The organized sounds, tones and rhythms affects mankind in almost all aspects of their lives from schooling, work, entertainment, religion, at war, funerals, weddings and basically all social events in human life. Scientists over the years have conducted numerous studies to understand how music affects the brain. This paper aims to look closer at how music affects the brain.


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These areas of the brain receive musical instrumentation tones, listening to music sounds, stores music and musical experiences into the brain’s memory, reading of music, glancing of performers’ movements and emotional reactions to music. Music once perceived and received in the brain also triggers motor movement such as dancing, tapping, clapping, nodding and playing instruments as per written music. The corpus callosum is a part of the brain that connects the left hemisphere of the brain to the right hemisphere. The motor cortex is the area of the brain that translates musical tones into motor movement triggering motor nerves to trigger movement, foot tapping, clapping, dancing and instrument playing (Sacks, 2007). The prefrontal cortex of the brain creates music expectations, establishes violation of expectations and ways to satisfy musical expectations.The nucleus accumbens and amygdala areas of the brain dictates the emotional reactions to music and it can trigger a feeling of hope, happiness, joy, expectations, sadness or grief. Whether you like a song or not is based on your expectations and ability to predict what’s next. Every song you hear leaves an imprint for future reference in your …show more content…
Despite lack of evidence to indicate the impact of music on an infant, it can be assumed that music enhances spatial reasoning skills and brain development in children similarly to the benefits older children get. Infants have a well-developed hearing system and thus they can recognize and perceive music at an early age. Infants at times compose music as can be heard by their organized babbles indicating that music perception is wired in human brains. Music is critical in a baby’s development since it enables the infant to interact and engage freely with their caretakers triggered by the oxytocin hormone which increases bonding and improve their communication skills. Music also soothes the baby to sleep and helps them to calm down from tantrums. Music training for young infants develops the young child’s spatial reasoning. This fact is behind the push for early childhood development professionals to propose that music training should be included as part of early childhood curriculum to improve brain development and intelligence in children (Levitin, 2008). In teens, music affects their cognitive development in different ways. Music enables teenagers to express themselves, bond socially with others, affects teen emotions, decision making and individual behavior. Many teens have been influenced by rock music to commit suicide by

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