Mrs.Michelle Gavituya Essays

22250 Words Jan 31st, 2014 89 Pages
Philippine Education For All 2015: Implementation and Challenges

I. General Introduction 1. Filipinos have deep regard to for education. Education occupies a central place in Philippine political, economic social and cultural life. It has always been strongly viewed as a pillar of national development and a primary avenue for social and economic mobility. 2. A clear evidence of the value placed on education is the proportion of the national government budget going to the sector. The Department of Education (DepEd), the country’s biggest bureaucracy 1 , is given the highest budget allocation among government agencies each year as required by the 1987 Philippine Constitution.2 3. The 1987 Constitution likewise guarantees the right to
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These goals have been mainstreamed in the country’s Medium Term Philippine Development Plan (MTPDP) 2004-2010 including policies and plans related to children, access to primary education and gender equality. Specifically, Part IV of the MTPDP focused on “Education and Youth Opportunity.” 6. However, despite the legal mechanisms, budget prioritization and increased access, Philippine education has been dogged with issues. Among the issues that needs to be resolved but have improved lately include the high dropout rates, high number of repeaters, low passing grades, lack of particular language skills, failure to adequately respond and address the needs of people with special needs, overcrowded classrooms and poor teacher performances. These problems in turn resulted to a considerable number of illiterate Filipinos and out of school youths and graduates who are not prepared for work.

Allocation for basic education averages 85 percent of the total education budget according to an unpublished UN Country Report in 2008. 2 Article XIV, Sec. 5, paragraph 5 of the Philippine Constitution.


A. Philippine Education Structure 7. The Philippine education system includes both formal and non-formal education. The formal education is a sequential progression of academic schooling at three levels: elementary (grade school), secondary

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