Minority Leaders In The Constitution Of The United States

1860 Words 7 Pages
The leaders of the United States gathered in 1787 to write the Constitution of the United States, which was to be a set of principles that told how the new nation would be governed. The leaders wanted a strong, but fair government that would protect the individual freedoms and prevent the government from abusing its power. The leaders did this by creating 3 separate branches of government: the legislative, the executive and the judicial.
The Senate has 100 members, 2 from each state. Since 1913, the residents of each state have elected Senators to 6-year terms. They must be U.S. citizens for at least 9 years, they must also be 30 years old and a resident of the state they represent. Senators terms are set up so about one third of the Senate
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government is the role of a leader. The Speaker of the House is the leader of the majority party. While serving, this person is not supposed to be bias during floor debates. This leader can serve up to 6 years in power. The roles of this leader are as follows: he/she speaks only for the majority party during floor debates. This person also creates a calendar of the debates that will happen in the future. Lastly, he/she helps the president with development in programs, policy information, and policy decisions. Just like the majority leader roles, the minority leader also has roles. These roles include he/she must help make the minority party known in debates. He/she must also negotiate and make lawful arguments with the majority party. Next, this leader must direct activities happening on the floor of the chamber room. Lastly, he/she is the leader for the minority party during debates against other parties. Likewise, with minority and majority leaders, there are also majority and minority whips. The jobs of the majority whip include helping any floor leader on duty. He/she takes attendance for each meeting, and counts votes when voting takes place. The minority whip jobs are as follows: he/she must assist any floor leader on duty during any debate, he/she must count votes when voting takes place, and they must also take attendance during each meeting.
Each group of people such as the Senate has multiple leaders associated with it.
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The first thing that must happen when a bill is presented is the bill must be taken to Congress. While in the first stages of the process, a bill may undergo many changes and critiques to make it perfect. The next thing that must take place is the bill is sent off to the right committee for the review. The committees include multiple different committees and subcommittees. Once the bill gets to the right committee, that committee sees a specific area while the subcommittee reviews another area. The subcommittee has the power to change or reject a bill. If the subcommittee allows a bill to pass after multiple investigations this process starts over in the full committee. If the bill makes it through the full committee the bill is escorted to the Senate, and the majority party marks it on the calendar for debate. A bill may wait months to years before being debated. When it is time to debate on the bill each member only has a few seconds to talk about it. However, a Senator may speak as long as he/she desires. Once the talking and debating is over and the voting takes place, the bill is passed. Before a bill goes to the presidential level, it must first go through both houses of Congress. From each house, a report is taken. The two reports must be very similar. The Conference Committee makes the bills the same. They then make a conference report that must be shown to the Speaker of the House

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