Essay on Mccarthyism : The Second Red Scare

1754 Words Dec 9th, 2016 8 Pages
McCarthyism is the practice of making unfair allegations or using unfair investigative techniques, especially in order to restrict dissent or political criticism. It can be used to describe reckless, unsubstantiated accusations, as well as demagogic attacks on the character or patriotism of political adversaries. The term originated when U.S. Wisconsin Senator, Joseph McCarthy, accused thousands of Americans, primarily government employees, of being communists or sympathizers to the party and were subjected to intrusive investigations. This period of American history, predominantly defined by a fear of communism that permeated American politics, culture, and society from the late 1940s through the 1950s, is commonly known as the Second Red Scare. During this time, there was heightened political repression against suspected communists. Many who were under investigation lost their jobs and some of them even imprisoned. This essay will discuss the events and reactions of the McCarthy era and their repercussions.
McCarthyism can be found in the actions of all three branches of the U.S. government during the early 1950s. For example, in the executive branch, one of the first implementations of McCarthyism was Truman’s Executive Order in 1947 which initiated a program of loyalty reviews for federal employees. It called for dismissal if there were “reasonable grounds … for belief that the person involved is disloyal to the Government of the United States.” One could argue Truman, a…

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