Learning Theory Application in Classroom Essay

1427 Words Nov 19th, 2011 6 Pages
PSYCHOLOGY OF TEACHING AND LEARNING (ED504)

MODULE 2: MAIN ASSESSMENT
QUESTION 2: Imagine you are on your break hour at school and you walked into the staff lounge to discover Piaget, Vygotsky, Erikson and Kohlberg are there. Their conversation is about learning and development. Write a paper tracing the conversation between each of these theorists. Be sure to accurately reflect the stance that each theorist would take. What would be the implications of any one of the theorist as a teacher and how could the theory be applied to the classroom?
VTDI)

This Paper is in Partial Completion Fulfilment of a
POST-GRADUATE DIPLOMA IN EDUCATION AND TRAINING

Date: October 13, 2011

Piaget, Vygotsky, Erikson and Kohlberg
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Autonomy vs. Shame (2-3 years). Children need to develop a sense of personal control over physical skills and a sense of independence. Initiative vs. Guilt (Preschooler , 4-5years). Children need to begin asserting control and power over the environment. Industry vs. Inferiority (School-Age Child, 6-11years). Children need to cope with new social and academic demands. Identity vs. Identity Confusion (Adolescent, 12-18 years). Teens need to develop a sense of self and personal identity. Intimacy vs. Isolation (Young Adult 18-35 years). Adults need to create or nurture things that will outlast them, often by having children or creating a positive change that benefits other people. Generativity vs. Stagnation (Middle-aged Adult, 35-65 years). At this stage the middle adult needs to work to establish stability and attempt to produce something that makes a difference to society. Integrity vs. Despair (Older Adult, over 65years). Older adults need to look back on life and feel a sense of fulfilment.
Lawrence Kohlberg concludes that morality develops in stages. Kohlberg's six stages can be more generally grouped into three levels of two stages each which are outlined below.
Level 1 (Pre-Conventional). This is generally found at the elementary school level. Stage 1: Obedience and punishment orientation. People behave according to socially acceptable norms. This obedience is forced by the threat or application of

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