Law and Ethics in Health Care Laws and ethical principles are essential for protecting the mankind, and they play a crucial role in the practice of health care. Laws and ethics play a vital role in cases such as organ donation, human genetics, and HIV/AIDS and confidentiality. The health care issue I selected for discussion is HIV/AIDS. In the case of HIV/AIDS patients, there is always ethical conflict of protecting the confidentiality of patient and disclosing the information to others about the risks of the disease.
Salient Ethical and Legal Concerns Associated with HIV/AIDS As described by Pozgar (2013) one of the legal issues is the association between blood transfusion and HIV. Law suits often arise when a person with
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In this case the ethical dilemma is how to balance between the rights of individuals and the rights of the general public to be protected from the deadly disease (Pozgar, 2013). Under the Confidentiality of HIV related information Act, there is a compelling need to disclose the information of HIV positive healthcare providers who accidentally had an injury during an invasive procedure (Pozgar, 2013). As there is some sort of risk associated with this, patient’s who are exposed needs to have some form of notice (Pozgar, 2013). There is yet another ethical dilemma whether to disclose the information to the infected person’s sex partner or not as it is a breach of privacy (Wolf & Lo, 2012).
Ethical Principles and HIV/AIDS Ethical principles are rules of conduct which provide a basis for the actions, intentions and motives of an individual (Pozgar, 2013). Ethical principles help health care providers to make the best decisions when there is a care related ethical dilemma (Pozgar, 2013). Nonmaleficence is one of the ethical principles that are more relevant in helping health care providers to address HIV/AIDS. Pozgar (2013) described that the Nonmaleficence principle indicates that the health care providers should not cause any harm to the patient. As in the case of an HIV positive surgeon performed surgeries on patients, based on the ethical principle of Nonmaleficence,