Essay about Jean Piaget And Erik Erikson

871 Words Sep 27th, 2016 4 Pages
Jean Piaget and Erik Erikson are two of the most influential psychologists in the child development field. To this day, people still believe and follow with both of the theories presented by the men, even though they were presented over fifty years ago. The stages presented by both of the men have similarities within each stage, but they also couldn’t be more different. Both of the theories presented mark influential points in the child development historical timeline . Jean Piaget born August 9th 1896 in Neuchâtel, Switzerland was first an expert on the study of mollusks by his teens. Later on in his career, Piaget identified the four stages of mental development know as Piaget’s Stages of Cognitive Development. His four stages are known as the sensory motor stage, the preoperational stage, the concrete operational stage, and the formal operational stage. The Sensory Motor Stage, according to Piaget, begins at birth and goes until age two. He categorizes this based on these few characteristics:
• Infant knows the world through their movement and sensations
• Children learn about the world through basic actions such as sucking, grasping, looking and listening
• Infants learn that things exist even if they cannot be seen (object permanence)
• Realize their actions can cause things in the world around them to happen
• Learning occurs from assimilation and accommodation
The next stage presented by Piaget is the Preoperational Stage. This stage is present from age two to…

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