Compare And Contrast Erikson And Piaget's Theory

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Erik Erikson and Jean Piaget’s theories contrast one another, however they both agree that humans go through different stages through our development. Jean Piaget’s theory, cognitive development, focuses on different stages of a child where they transition from one stage to the other, and they follow a sequence. His stages and key ideas can be looked at as building blocks meaning, a good foundation can build a sturdy tower that will not easily fall down, however if your foundation is not even or has holes as you stack blocks onto it it will become weaker and easily topple over. The first stage of Piaget’s theory is sensorimotor stage,between the ages of infancy to two years. This stage is when children are taught for example if they have …show more content…
Erikson has more stages than Piaget did. Erikson 's theory starts from when you are born to when you are old. His stage shows the hurdles people have to go through, it shows the way you can deal with the hurdles you go through and what happens after you choose your path. The first stage of Erikson’s theory is trust vs. mistrust. This stage occurs in children younger than the age of one. When the infant completely dependent on the parent or the caregiver, the trust builds once the infant feels safe and cared for, the mistrust occurs when the infant doesn 't feel to safe, when this happens it can create an environment of fear. The next stage is Autonomy vs. shame and doubt. This stage takes place between the ages of one and three. In this stage the child develops a sense of being independent by going through basic life skills. When a child fulfills the purpose for this stage they will feel secure. If they don 't fulfill this stage it will lead to self doubt and insecurity. It then moves to initiative vs. guilt stage, this stage takes place between the ages of three and six. Children are aware of the social environment around them. The social environment affects the children to apply authority when the opportunity is provided. The next stage is industry vs. inferiority, this stage is between the ages of six to twelve. This stage is where kids compete with each other to do …show more content…
The last stage is integrity vs. despair, this stage deals with the period of old age. During this stage the elderly look back at their lives, the accomplishments that the see that they did during their life brings feelings of contentment. Failure of the feeling of accomplishments lead to disappointment. Interestingly I discovered that Erikson’s 4rth stage Industry vs. Inferiority and Piaget’s 3rd stage formal Operational Stage compliment each other in some ways and focus on different developments that take place during the same age if a child is not successful with Piaget’s stages they will not be successful with Erikson’s stage. For example. I have a brother who is 8 years old. Nathan is very smart in math and he understood the concept of addition and subtraction by the age of 2. Now by the age of 8 he has easily picked up the concept of multiplication and division. His best friend who is good with reading but struggles in math was over one day and their difference in math skills was very noticeable. Nathan and his friend began to argue. When I asked what was wrong Nathan explained that his friend did not believe him that he was giving the correct

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