Is Desalination A Clean Drinking Water? Essay

1036 Words Sep 21st, 2016 5 Pages
Desalination refers to the process of removing minerals from saline water. Simply, this is the process of removing salt and minerals from water so that it is drinkable and/or usable for agricultural purposes. Almost 1 billion people in the world today don’t have access to clean drinking water. That is one out of every eight people. (Lane, 2015) When it comes to drought, California isn’t alone. Other countries suffering from drought include South Africa, North Korea, the Caribbean, and Brazil. (Johnson 2015) The World Economic Forum believes that drought across the world costs to 6 to 8 billion dollars a year from losses in agriculture and related businesses. According to a study conducted by UC Davis, in California alone, drought will cost the state government 2.2 billion dollars and put around 17,000 workers in the agricultural industry out of a job this year. California is the nation’s main agricultural producing state. (Koba 2014) Solar desalination is a technique used to remove salt from water through a specially designed device that uses solar energy to boil seawater and capture the resulting steam. This steam is then cooled and condensed into usable freshwater. Salt and other impurities are left behind in the device. Less than one percent of the world’s desalination is powered by renewable energy sources but through methods such as solar desalination, we can work towards changing that. (EarthTalk 2015) This solar desalination process can be compared closely to…

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