Insomnia And Depression

790 Words 4 Pages
Insomnia and Depressions Effects on Adolescent Academic Performance
Various research has been done to test whether lack of sleep is correlated with depression. Some research looks at depression as an outcome of insomnia, while other research focuses on how insomnia is a sign of depression. Research has proven that depression can lead to insomnia, but the opposite can also be true. Long-lasting insomnia can also lead to depression. The term depression is generally described as a feeling of sadness or unhappiness. Most people experience feelings of depression sometime in life for short periods, mostly as a result of negative life events. Depression takes many forms and varies in causes and severity. Mood episodes are important for disorder diagnoses.
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The average teenager gets about seven and seven and a quarter hours of sleep. But, studies show that most teenagers need exactly nine and a quarter hours of sleep. Some reasons why they don 't get enough sleep are, they shift in sleep schedule, they wake up early for school, and they want to keep up with their social lives while balancing school work. Puberty causes approximately a two-hour biological shift in an adolescent 's internal clock. Which makes them want to sleep later and wake up later. Some high schools start as early as 7:00 AM, and some students wake up around 5:30 AM to get ready. There are students who play sports or do extracurricular activities after school, and some even work. Then they have to do their homework, and depending on how much homework they have they could stay up late. Adolescents like to socialize and that also takes up time in their day. As a result, most adolescents are sleep deprived. Sleep deprivation impacts their moods, behavior, thinking, and academic performance. Many adolescents are moody, irritable, and cranky if they don 't sleep well. Studies have shown that little sleep makes it more difficult to regulate ones mood, as a result a person can get frustrated or upset more easily. A study by Baum et al. (2014) looked at how less sleep worsens mood and emotion regulation in adolescents. The results were adolescents who slept an average of two and a half hours less than healthy sleepers felt that they were more anxious, angry, confused, and fatigued. With adolescent students feeling angry and tired, it can be expected for them to not be as focused in school. Adolescents brains aren 't fully developed, and their decision-making skills haven 't fully matured. With little sleep and bad decision making comes bad choices. For example, they may act out in school or not do their assignments. Sleep deprivation causes problems with attention, memory, decision-making, reaction time,

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