Initial problems of Pakistan Essay

1254 Words Nov 17th, 2013 6 Pages
Initial Problems of Pakistan

Pakistan came into existence on 14th august 1947. Soon after its establishment Pakistan faced number of problems. Most of the problems of Pakistan were related with Pakistan dispute with India, such as the accession of the princely states, canal Water dispute, refugees' problems and distribution of armed and military assets. Infect most of these problems were deliberately created by India itself so that Pakistan would not maintain its independent status and soon merged with India. (Nehru told General Sir Frank Messervy in 1945, “his deliberate plan would be to allow Jinnah to have hisPakistan, end gradually makes things so impossible economically and otherwise for Pakistan that they have to come on their
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Redcliff Award Handed over Some of the Muslim Majority Areas that were Contiguous to the Boundary of Pakistan to India:
These areas included.

Sub-district of Ajnala in Amritsar district
Sub-district of Nakadar and Jullundur in Jullundur district
Sub-district of Ferozepur and Zira in Ferozepur district
Sub-district of Batala and Gurdaspur in Gurdaspur district
Redcliff award, allotted sixty-two percent of the area of undivided Punjab to India, with fifty-five percent of the population.

Accession Of Princely states
At the time of partition there were 462 princely states in subcontinent that cover 1/3 of Indian Territory and 1/4 of its population. Rulers of these princely states were given option by the British government either to join India, Pakistan or remain independent. However these states were advised to consider geographical location and religious trends of their respective states before accession to the either country. By 15th August most of these states announced their accession to either India or Pakistan except Kashmir, Hyderabad and Junagadh.
At the time of partition Kashmir was state with 71.7% of Muslim population. Its ruler was maharaja hari singh. Maharaja hari singh wanted a free state of Kasmir but large muslim population wanted to merge them with Pakistan. This cause a great anarchy in Kashmir and Maharaja signed a secret document and give Kashmir accession to india and flew to England.

Hyderabad decan

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