Fatehpur Sikri Essay

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The medieval city of Fatehpur Sikri

Introduction
Fatehpur Sikri is a town located in Agra, India. This complex palace was built by Mughal emperor jalal'ud-Din Muhammad Akbar son of Humayun. Fatehpur Sikri is a famous monument in India that attracts a lot of tourist from all over the world. It is located 120 miles away from the Delhi which is the capital of India. After the Mughals invaded India in the 16th century, they captured a large area of the country and ruled it for more than 300 hundred years. Fatehpur Sikri was built during the early period of the rule. It took 15 years to built the city from 1569 to 1584. The master plan of Fatehpur Sikri is very unique and advance for its time. All the buildings in the city are very symmetrical
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All these buildings were built in redstone well crafted which makes it a beautiful piece of architecture even today.

Akbar Built this city to serve as a capital of his empire in the 16th century. Akbar was a man of innovation. During his rule he came up with a new religion that was similar to the one practiced. His new belief and ideas created a social harmony, equality and unity among the people. These beliefs could be evidently seen in the architecture and planning of Fatehpur Sikri. It symbolizes power and a solid political framework which may bring stability and harmony in the
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Akbar, the builder of Fatehpur Sikri followed Islam during the early period of his life. But unlike his forefathers he believed all religions were truthful with a common goal. He married a non muslim queen and allowed her to worship her god. Later he formed his own religion and called it “din-i-ilahi” which means religion of all god. He also eliminated tax collected from non muslim and ended all the other discrimination towards people from other religion. Akbar wanted to unite the people in his empire who were mainly Hindu’s.

Fatehpur Sikri reflects Akbar’s social ideology in its urban planning and architecture. Akbar invited Hindu craftsmen experienced and skillful in design and construction of Hindu temples to take part in the construction of Fatehpur Sikri. These Craftsmen from all over India were given freedom to use architecture expertise of different religion and culture from different parts of India. This secular approach could be seen in different parts of father Sikri. Akbar vision of social harmony could be seen through the architecture of fatehpur

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