Located in present day Iran, roughly between the years of 1501 and 1722; although it had many weaknesses, which will be covered later; it of course had many strengths as well, which allowed it to last for over 200 years. One such strength would have to be its military. Although every one of the Gunpowder Empires had this as a strength, the Safavid Empire is particularly notable due to the powerful artillery, firearms, and cannons that they produced. Their rulers also focused a great deal of their attention on this. As a quote relating to Shah Abbas the Great, who was located in the city of Isfahan, “He is very valiant and has a great liking for warfare and weapons of war, which he has constantly in his hands: we have been eyewitnesses of this because, whenever we were with him, he was adjusting his [swords], testing his [muskets], ect…” (Andrea and Overfield).
Another strength of the Safavids, though not as dominant, was their fine art. The citizens might have had few freedoms, but they were allowed to paint, create textiles, carpets, ceramics, metalwork; Persian carpets, for example, originated in the Safavid Empire. It was certainly a culture-rich environment and the population kept themselves busy and happy by contributing to