Ikshvaku Essay

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THE SURYA VAMSA

The Ikshvakus are a sublime race of men and women famed in the Puranas and Epics. It owes it’s origins to the great patriarch of the same namesake, Ikshvaku, who was the son of Vaivasvat Manu. He, in, turn was the son of Kashyapa Muni who in turn was the son of Marichi, the son of Brahma. The Solar dynasty comprised of the three lines of Ayodhya, Videha, Vaisala and the Saryatas. Ikshvaku was the first king of Ayodhya, and his father, Manu Vaivasvata, gave him Madhyadesa. He had 100 sons of whom Vikuksi, Danda and Nimi were the most famous. Vikukshi succeeded Ikshvaku in the Ayodhya line of kings, while Nimi established the Videha line. 7th in descent from Vikukshi and the son of Yuvanashva was Sravasta, the founder of the
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He was a great sacrifice and had performed 100 Ashvamedha and Rajasuya yajnas. His gifts and charities are eulogized and songs praising him have been handed down since ancient times. He was the fifth incarnation of Vishnu. A king who held much territory, even the Earth came to be called after him as Mandhata Kshetra. He married Bindumati, daughter of the King Sasabindu of the Yadavas. Purukutsa was his eldest son and continued the conquests of his father. Mandhata’s third son Mucukunda also was a famous king, but the Ayodhya kingdom declined thereafter. The contemporary kings of Mandhata’s time (2750-2550 BCE) were Khanitra of Vaisali. Brihaduktha of Videha, Mahasala of the Northwest Anavas, Gandhara and Angara of the Druhyus, Sahanja and Mahishmant of the Haihayas and Antara of the Yadavas. While his father, Yuvanasva, married Gauri, the daughter of the king Matinara of Pratishtana according to the Brahmanda and Vayu Puranas which can lead us to infer that he and his descendant had Paurava blood in his genes. Same thing applies when other eminent dynasties like the Pauravas and Yadavas intermarried with the

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