Ideal Victim Essay
‘Radical perspective’ of victimology “has been criticised for adopting an overly simplistic view of structure and its impact on individuals” (Spalek, B. 2006 p40). However, a ‘radical perspective’ broadens our understanding of victimhood as it requires us to acknowledge within the general society “power relations are fundamental to the way society is structured; that those power relations are unjust; and that those unjust power relations are the context within which we should think about crime and victimisation” (Edwards, P. 2012). It encompasses “broad social problems like poverty, injustice and state abuses” (Spalek, B. 2006 p40).
Home invasion, environment pollution and domestic violence are all offences where a victim can be identified. To understand each victim we must understand which victimisation perspective corresponds.
A ‘positivist perspective’ encompasses a home invasion. An unknown offender/s entered the home of an unknown person for the purpose of committing an offence. Why the offender/s chose this house? The victim may have left the front door open or left valuables in plain sight of the front yard. They are still a victim but the victim may have played a part in their victimisation.