Hygiene and Personal Protective Equipment Essay

1716 Words 7 Pages
The principles of infection prevention and control
Unit 19

1.1 Explain employee’s role and responsibilities in relation to the prevention and control of infection.

They have to always be aware of and report changes in the health conditions of the individuals that they support. They also have a responsibility to assist with keeping work areas, and equipment clean, tidy and free from infection hazards. They are also encouraged to maintain good personal hygiene for themselves as well as their service users. For example, helping service users bathe, use the toilet and change remove and dispose of any soiled clothing. Another responsibility they hold is preparing and maintaining environment before and after episodes of patient care.
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Risk can also be defined as the intentional interaction with uncertainty. Risk perception is the subjective judgment people make about the severity of a risk, and may vary person to person.

4.2 outline potential risk of infection within the workplace.

1. Airborne- coughs and sneeze 2. Contaminated 'things '- Not washing your hands after using the toilet. I.e. transfer from one person to another via an object. 3. Skin to skin contact - Transfer of dirt on your hand to someone else’s i.e. transfer from one person to another directly 4. Transfer of Body Fluids - Cleaning up blood or 'whatever ' without gloves 5. Food poisoning. – Fridge at wrong temperature and things kept in it for too long.
First aid personnel and workers may be at risk of exposure to infectious diseases or biological hazards if they receive: a skin penetrating injury such as a needle stick injury if blood or body substances come into contact with broken skin, [ open wounds, eyes or mouth contaminated first aid equipment or materials are used Infectious diseases which may be transmitted by blood and some body substances include: hepatitis B hepatitis C human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), the virus that causes AIDS .

4.3 describe the process of carrying out a risk assessment.

1. Identify the hazard and differentiate

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