Essay on How Does Vitamin C ‚ÇĹ ‚ÇÇ Vitamin?

1093 Words Nov 23rd, 2015 null Page
During pregnancy, there is increased absorption of B₁₂ in the intestines to ensure maximum intake of B₁₂ available to [both] the mother and the infant. A deficiency of this vitamin is problematic because it is important for the synthesis of DNA and red blood cells, and also plays a role in the growth and maintenance of nerve cells. Vitamin B₁₂ also participates in the production of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) in the mitochondria, which is used for energy. Vitamin B₁₂ is stored in the liver and kidney, but maternal stores of this nutrient are not available to the fetus. Studies have suggested that only the vitamin B₁₂ ingested during pregnancy can be transported across the placenta. If the mother experiencing vitamin B₁₂ deficiency may show signs of anemia, and will have low amounts of B₁₂ in breastmilk (Penney and Miller, 2008). Supplements such as cyanocobalamin, methylcobalamin, and hydroxycobalamin all contain sufficient vitamin B₁₂ for the vegan diet (Pawlak et al., 2013). Synthetic supplements and vitamin B₁₂ fortified soymilk, tofu and cereals should be taken by the mother to increase B₁₂ intake.
The supplementation of vitamin B12 into the diets of infants with B₁₂ deficiencies rapidly improves their development and health. In 1986, the 7-month-old son of a vegan mother was admitted to the hospital with signs of a vitamin B₁₂ deficiency. The baby was exclusively breast fed and was pale, lethargic, and unresponsive to stimuli. After vitamin B₁₂ was supplemented into…

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