Homeland Security And Critical Infrastructure Essay

1808 Words Oct 29th, 2016 8 Pages
Homeland Security and Critical Infrastructure The events of September 11, 2001, highlighted significant gaps in the country’s emergency preparedness and more specifically, its ability to identify threats and protect against terrorist attacks. The resulting analyses of the incident and the response efforts stressed the need for an overarching program that would coordinate the efforts of a multitude of government agencies with competing goals and requirements. A program that would improve the transfer of critical intelligence and maximize response efforts. It leads to the creation of the Department of Homeland Security. This paper will discuss the interaction between the concepts of homeland security and homeland defense and will outline the process of protecting critical infrastructure.
The investigations into the terrorist acts of September 11, 2001, highlighted a failure to communicate threat intelligence between federal agencies and resulted in the absence of any noticeable preparation for the impending attack. The terror attack was visibly catastrophic. It was far more devastating due to the nonexistence of a framework for interagency cooperation when responding to disasters and large-scale acts of terror. The systemic issues included failures to coordinate among federal agencies as well as between federal, state, and local agencies. Communication, intelligence, and response efforts all suffered from the lack of cooperation. The Department of Homeland…

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