Holistic Approach In Nursing

1350 Words 6 Pages
Introduction Holism defined by the American Holistic Nurses Association as a “state of harmony among body, mind, emotions and spirit within an ever-changing environment” (Dossey, 2012). In order to form a plan of care that will be effective for patients, the whole person must be identified and not only the diseases. The Holistic Nursing approach is used for better outcomes for the patients. The traditional nursing process looks at diseases in a very linear manner; where the main focus is the disease. On the other hand, the holistic approach is a circular nursing process that takes focus on the whole person, not just the disease. It is important to teach patients that Complementary & Alternative Medicine is used together with Western Medicine, …show more content…
The holistic plan of care involves the whole unique person and everyone should be offered a holistic needs assessment. A care plan should be formulated as part of this process to ensure better quality of care and good outcomes for the patient. The holistic needs assessment should include (a) Physical concerns, such as: energy level (fatigue, weak, tired), pain scale (numeric or faces), any memory or concentration issues, or sexuality issues, (b) Practical concerns, such as: work, money, insurance, education, housing or caring responsibilities, (c) Family/relationship concerns such as: children, partner, relatives or friends, (d) Emotional concerns such as: loneliness or isolation, sadness or depression, spiritual or religious issues, and (e) Lifestyle or information needs, such as: smoking, alcohol, drugs, exercise and activity, hobbies, sun protection and support groups (Young, 2012).
Complementary & Alternative Medicine vs Western
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Nursing diagnosis: Ineffective cerebral tissue perfusion. Interventions: (a) establish rapport with patient and family, (b) monitor vital signs, (c) perform neuro checks as ordered, (d) administer medications as ordered, and (e) touch therapy. Rationales: (a) to promote cooperation, find out of any other needs of the patient such as spiritual or cultural needs, and to find out about patient’s living situation (b) to have baseline data and assess changes, (c) to detect neurological changes indicative of worsening or improving condition, (d) to promote wellness and to find out if patient uses any CAM for healing and wellness and (e) to promote relaxation, for support and to reduce anxiety levels. Short term goals/evaluation: the patient will have displayed decrease signs of tissue perfusion as evidenced by gradual improvements of vital

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