Hiv Prevalence : Hiv And Aids Essay

1076 Words Apr 24th, 2016 5 Pages
Introduction
The global population has experienced severe widespread of health-related issues over the years. Among the many pandemics that have hit the world at large is HIV/AIDS. The deadly virus has claimed many lives in the recent past. However, increased knowledge on how to combat the virus and ways to prevent infection by the virus has played a significant role in reducing HIV prevalence. This paper presents an array of HIV-related issues including the global statistics of HIV prevalence, U.S ranking on HIV prevalence, efforts made by World Health Organization (WHO) and other agencies to combat HIV and existing social disparities such as race, gender and age in relation to HIV.
Scope and Depth of the Problem According to a 2015 global statistics WHO report, 36.9 million people worldwide were living with HIV/AIDS. Out of the total infected population, 2.6 million were children under the age of 15, infected by their HIV-positive mothers before birth, during birth or while breastfeeding. The greatest challenge in combating the virus has been identified as the lack of prevention, care and treatment among people living with HIV or those at risk The HIV pandemic has accounted for around 34 million deaths, 1.2 million cases being reported in 2014. The good news is that there are antiretroviral drugs which can be administered to the infected persons to boost their health and curb the risk of infecting others. Global efforts have yielded a decrease in HIV prevalence rates. A…

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