HIV In Brazil

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Abstract
Brazil has a successful history of preventing, treating, and educating their population about AIDS/HIV. This paper will focus on the policy level of the socio-ecologic model to determine what policies and programs were implemented that led to this accomplishment. Initially the country had a fast response to the outbreak, developing government departments to fight the disease and securing global and domestic funding. This was followed by many policies and programs. Including universal and free treatment of HIV/AIDS through antiretroviral therapy (ART), increased awareness of condom use, the creation of needle exchanges, blood screenings, the proper treatment of pregnant women that were infected, and partnering with non-government organizations
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However, this paper will concentrate of the policy level because it was the first and most effective step that built the momentum to combat the disease. Specifically, the government implemented policy that made treatment easily available, increased awareness, allowed partnering with non-governmental organizations, and started programs that affected certain populations.
The disease was first discovered in 1982 and quickly following that the government created the National AIDS Control Program (NACP) in 1985. The goal of this governmental organization was to prevent and control the spread of the disease. From the start the government was involved in fighting HIV/AIDS a trend and attitude that attributed to the success Brazil has had. Evidence of this success is seen in the of the number of people infected. According to an article published a journal by the American Public Health Association and written by Alan Berkman, Jonathan Garcia, Miguel Munoz-Laboy, Vera Paiva, and Richard Parker; in 1990, the World Bank predicted that within 10 years there would 1.2 million people infected with HIV in Brazil. However, that estimate never came to fruition “In 1990, the World Bank predicted that within 10 years there would be 1.2 million people infected with HIV in Brazil unless an effective, nationally based intervention was mounted. Fourteen years later, this scenario has yet to materialize.” (Berkman, Garcia, Munoz-Laboy, Paiva, Parker, 2011, para.
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According to an article written by Guido Levi and Antonio Vitoria that was published in the journal, AIDS, loans and funding was secured from the World Bank and other contributors. Which totaled $550 million from 1992 to 2002. “…with funding reaching US$250 million, of which US$160 million comprised the loan and US$90 million was derived from domestic contributions. AIDS Project II followed, effective from 1998 to 2002, with funds reaching US$300 million.” (Levi, Vitoria, 2002, para. 5). This built the foundation and financial support the government needed to fight the

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