Hiv / Aids Among The Target Population Of The Garifuna, A Minority

1640 Words Dec 20th, 2016 7 Pages
Culture and health have a significant relationship. The way in which a culture answers the questions: what is health, what is illness, and what is treatment, will determine the ethnomedical approach defined by the culture. It is important as members of the separate ethnomedical system, biomedicine, to find the answers to these questions when first looking to solve a health issue in another culture. Then, it is vital to incorporate the identified health system in determining the best approach for the health issue. This paper will look at the health issue of a target population, the cultural factors that affect the illness, and propose programs that incorporate these cultural factors into the program design.
Health Issue
The health issue that this paper will focus on is HIV/AIDS among the target population of the Garifuna, a minority in Belize. The Garifuna are an “Afro-indigenous ethnic minority group”(Gandhi et. al, 2015, p. 1). This population has a significantly high rate of HIV/AIDS. In 2006, a study was done that measured the prevalence of HIV among Garifuna men and women. It was concluded that 3.8 percent of men and 5.1 percent of women had HIV (Gandhi et. al, 2015, p. 2). A study by Buszin et. al found that the Garifuna have an 8 percent rate of HIV, higher than all other ethnic groups in Belize (2009, p.4). It also reported that at 2.1 percent, Belize had the highest rate of HIV in all of Central America (Buszin et. al, 2009, p.4). Because of this significantly…

Related Documents