History of Video Games Essay
On January 25, 1947 a man by the name of Thomas J. Goldsmith Jr. filed a patent for a device called the Cathode-Ray Tube. This device was made from 8 vacuum tubes to simulate a missile firing at a target; it used 2 knobs to adjust the curve and speed of the missile. Since computer graphics did not exist at the time, targets were drawn on an overlay and place over the screen (Herman, 2008).
In the 1960’s, the majority of early computer games ran on University Mainframe Computers and were developed more as hobbies than anything else. In 1961, a group of students from MIT, made a title called Spacewar! on a DEC PDP-1. Spacewar! is credited as the first widely available and influential computer game ever made (Herman, 2008).
The 1970’s & 1980’s were known as the Golden Age for arcade games. Many games started to show up on the computer as well as in the arcades. Atari was founded in 1972 and the first arcade game with widespread success was Atari’s PONG. The arcade industry found its success in 1978 with the release of Space Invaders by Taito, a success that influenced many people to join the arcade band wagon. Atari released Asteroids the same year. Color arcade games became popular in 1979-1980 with the arrival of Pac-Man (Herman, 2008).