Essay on History of New York

2490 Words Jan 6th, 2014 10 Pages
In the year 10,000 BCE two Native American tribes settled in what is now called Manhattan. Following that, in 1524, French explorers discovered New York State and allowed the Dutch colonies to retrieve the area in 1609. In 1664 England purchased the island of Manhattan and transformed it into a major trading port for the 13 original colonies. New York City then became an area of great population and diversity. In the early 18th century, New York City was still owned by the British, but immigrants from the Netherlands, England, France, and Germany all took residence there as well as African slaves who were typically all indentured servants at the time. By 1740 approximately 500 out of 2,500 residents of New York were slaves. The people …show more content…
In 1825, with the opening of the Erie Canal, New York became more important because a new street system known as the street grid system was implemented. This made this metropolis one of the easiest cities to navigate because the streets could go through a number system starting north of Houston Street. Today, many other cities use this system as an important way to establish their city. Following that in 1837, construction began on the Croton Aqueduct, which provided clean drinking water for the city’s inhabitants. Then the last major improvement in the 19th century was the formation of the New York Police Department. This development meant there would be less chaos throughout the city; this was especially useful because of the increase in immigrants coming to America. At this time, a huge increase in the number of immigrants from Germany and Ireland were arriving to America. People from Southern and Eastern Europe then arrived to change the setup of the city. Each person settled in a neighborhood strictly with others of their ethnicity. In these areas they started businesses, joined trade unions, built churches, and even formed social clubs. Due to these establishments, areas such as “Little Italy” and “Chinatown” were established and are still in existence today. As well as Little Italy and Chinatown many other areas are inhibited by only one type of ethnicity. Since in certain parts of the Bronx and Brooklyn have only people of Hispanic

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