Analysis Of William Freehling's The South Vs. The South

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The South vs. The South
William Freehling, The South vs. The South. (New York, NY: Oxford University, 2001)
William W. Freehling is an American historian, and Professor of History and Otis A. Singletary Chair in Humanities at the University of Kentucky, and is the author of The Road to Disunion, Volume I: Disunionists at Bay, 1776 – 1854, which won the Owsley Prize. William Freehling's The South vs. The South book is two hundred and thirty-eight pages and divided into ten chapters. The narrative of the Civil War that focuses on the majority of southern white and black, who opposed the Confederacy. Why did the Confederacy lose the Civil War? How anti-Confederates Southerners shaped the sequence of the Civil War? Freehling argues in The South
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Even President Abraham Lincoln feared the Border States might secede if he accepted free black men into the military until Lincoln signed the Emancipation Proclamation. The nonviolent runaway and free blacks played a very significant role in the defeat of the Confederacy during the Civil War. Actually, the Confederacy was defeated twice by blacks, first enslaved black runaways from the territory of the Confederacy with valuable information that helped the Union army in war tactics and strategy. Second, they joined the Union army voluntarily to strengthen the army and defeat the Confederacy as well as they served their country. Freehling also said, “Lincoln instead modestly, attractively, knew that lowly slaves had helped secure the victory” (p.134) In the early stage of the Civil war Lincoln was holding off the slavery issue until he secured the loyalty of the North slaves. There are a few things that the book will leave readers to wonder and to read deeper, is there racism in the union? Why President Lincoln said, “… not a single man of your race is made the equal of a single man of ours.” (p.108) in front of free blacks that he invited to the White House and his offer black people a temporary relocation to Latin America. Also, the Union Army General Sherman’s anti-black comment “I won’t trust niggers to fight.” “I like niggers well enough as niggers, but when fools and idiots try and make niggers better than ourselves I have an opinion.”

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